Unraveling Reality : Research References    (Table of Contents)
Common knowledge for Unraveling Reality obtained from various encyclopedias and dictionaries, including Encyclopedia Britannica, Everipedia, New World Encyclopedia, Wikipedia, World Book Encyclopedia, Scholarpedia, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Merriam-Webster's Dictionary, Oxford Dictionary,, and the Internet (humanity's communal commode of infotainment).

The Universe
Ron Cowen, "Billions, billions and more billions," Science News 179(1): 10 (1 January 2011).
J.R. Gott III et al, "A map of the universe," Astrophysical Journal 624 (2): 463–484 (2005).
Charles H. Lineweaver and Tamara M. Davis, "Misconceptions about the Big Bang," Scientific American 292(3): 36–45 (March 2005).
Lisa Grossman, "Medieval multiverse heralded modern cosmic conundrums," New Scientist (13 March 2014).
Cormac O Raifeartaigh et al, "A steady-state model of the universe by Albert Einstein," arXiv:1402.0132 (26 February 2014).
Davide Castelvecchi, "Einstein's lost theory uncovered," Nature (24 February 2014).
Georges Lemaître, "The beginning of the world from the point of view of quantum theory," Nature 127: 706 (9 May 1931).
Mark Peplow, "Planck snaps infant universe," Nature 495: 417–418 (28 March 2013).
Andrew Grant, "Universe is a teeny bit older than thought," Science News (21 March 2013).
Tom Siegfried, "Cosmic questions, answers pending," Science News 179(9): 20–21 (23 April 2011).
Ron Cowen, "New study gives dark energy a boost," Science News (16 March 2011).
Glenn G. Kacprzak, "The pristine universe," Science 334 (6060): 1216–1217 (2 December 2011).
"Revamping the size of the universe," Science News (15 May 2014).
Ivan Agullo et al, "Quantum gravity extension of the inflationary scenario," Physical Review Letters 109(25): 1301–1306 (17 December 2012).
Michael S. Turner, "Cosmology: a story of cosmic proportions," Nature 526: 40–41 (01 October 2015).
Galactic Expanse
"Seven primitive galaxies at the dawn of time," ScienceDaily (12 December 2012).
Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, "Warped light reveals infant galaxy on the brink of the 'cosmic dawn'," Science 337: 1142 (21 September 2012).
Wei Zheng et al, "A magnified young galaxy from about 500 million years after the Big Bang," Nature 489: 406–408 (20 September 2012).
Lisa Grossman, "Milky Way galaxy is even lighter than thought," New Scientist (14 August 2013).
Bomee Lee et al, "CANDELS: The correlation between galaxy morphology and star formation activity at z ~ 2," The Astrophysical Journal (15 August 2013).
Darach Watson et al, "A dusty, normal galaxy in the epoch of reionization," European Southern Observatory (4 March 2015).
Caroline M. S. Straatman et al, "A substantial population of massive quiescent galaxies at z ~ 4 from ZFOURGE," The Astrophysical Journal Letters 783(1) (1 March 2014).
AFP, "Universe has two trillion more galaxies than previously thought," The Guardian (13 October 2016).
Jörg P. Dietrich et al, "A filament of dark matter between two clusters of galaxies," Nature 487: 202–204 (12 July 2012).
Mehmet Alpaslan et al, "Galaxy and mass assembly (GAMA): fine filaments of galaxies detected within voids," Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (9 March 2014).
Alexandra Witze, "At home in the universe," Science News 181(12): 22– 25 (16 June 2012).
Jenna Iacurci, "Milky Way is much bigger than previously thought," Nature World News (11 March 2015).
Yan Xu et al, "Rings and radial waves in the disk of the Milky Way," The Astrophysical Journal 801(2) (April 2015).
Nadia Drake, "Planets common as stars in galaxy," Science News 12 (25 February 2012).
Ron Cowen, "Milky Way puts on weight," Science News 175(3): 8 (31 January 2009).
"Astronomers get closest look yet at Milky Way's mysterious core," National Radio Astronomy Observatory (2 November 2005).
Nicholos Wethington, "The Milky Way's black hole," Universe Today (5 January 2009).
Ron Cowen, "Beast at galaxy's core lacks spin," Science News 179(1): 11 (1 January 2011).
Ron Cowen, "Decade of the monster," Science 339: 1514–1516 (29 March 2013).
R.P. Eatough et al, "A strong magnetic field around the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Galaxy," Nature 501: 391–394 (19 September 2013).
"A strong magnetic field around the Milky Way's black hole," (14 August 2013).
David N. Spergel, "The dark side of cosmology: dark matter and dark energy," Science 347(6226): 1100-1102 (6 March 2015).
"The dark side of the universe," The Economist (18 February 2012).
P. Hamilton et al, "Atom-interferometry constraints on dark energy," Science 349(6250): 849–851 (21 August 2015).
Amina Khan, "LUX: world's most sensitive detector finds no dark matter. What's next?," Los Angeles Times (22 July 2016).
"Chasing shadows: how long can we keep looking for dark matter?," New Scientist (18 June 2015).
"LUX confirms it has not found dark matter," Science 2.0 (20 February 2014).
Clara Moskowitz, "Dark matter search leaves scientists questioning basic theories," The Huffington Post (23 January 2014).
Dennis Overbye, "Dark matter experiment has detected nothing, researchers say proudly," The New York Times (30 October 2013).
Alessandro Bettini, Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics, 383, Cambridge University Press (2008).
"NASA finds direct proof of dark matter," NASA (21 August 2006).
Dennis Overbye, "Findings on mysterious haze at galaxy's center," The New York Times (31 October 2009).
Lisa Grossman, "Strange dark stuff is making the universe too bright," New Scientist (17 July 2014).
Chalres W. Danforth et al, "An HST/COS survey of the low-redshift IGM. I. Survey, methodology, & overall results," arXiv:1402.2655 (11 February 2014).
Black Holes
Joshua Sokol, "Observations hint at a new recipe for giant black holes," Science 355(6321): 13 (13 January 2017).
Benny Trakhtenbrot et al, "An over-massive black hole in a typical star-forming galaxy, 2 billion years after the Big Bang," Science 349(6244): 168–171 (10 July 2015).
"Black hole affecting galactic climate identified," ScienceDaily (5 January 2016).
N. Cappelluti et al, "Cross-correlating cosmic infrared and X-ray background fluctuations: evidence of significant black hole popula-tions among the cib sources," The Astrophysical Journal (6 May 2013).
M. Volonteri, "The formation and evolution of massive black holes," Science 337: 544–547 (3 August 2012).
Marc Sarzi, "How black holes restrain old galaxies," Nature (26 May 2016).
"Black holes could grow as large as 50 billion suns before their food crumbles into stars according to research," ScienceDaily (18 December 2015).
Jens Thomas et al, "A 17-billion-solar-mass black hole in a group galaxy with a diffuse core," Nature (6 April 2016).
Ákos Bodán & Andy D. Goulding, "Connecting dark matter halos with the galaxy center and the supermassive black hole," The Astrophysical Journal (18 February 2015).
Charles Q. Choi, "Dark side of black holes," Scientific American 302(3): 22 (March 2010).
Christopher Crockett, "Black hole born without stellar parent," Science News (6 August 2016).
Jay Strader et al, "Two stellar-mass black holes in the globular cluster M22," Nature 490: 71–73 (4 October 2012).
Ananda Hota et al, "Discovery of a spiral-host episodic radio galaxy," Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters (9 August 2011).
Chris Willot, "A monster in the early universe," Nature 474: 583–584 (30 June 2011).
Xue-Bing Wu et al, "An ultraluminous quasar with a twelve-billion-solar-mass black hole at redshift 6.30," Nature (25 February 2015).
Remco C. E. van den Bosch et al, "An over-massive black hole in the compact lenticular galaxy NGC 1277," Nature 491: 729–731 (29 No-vember 2012).
Q.D. Wang et al, "Dissecting X-ray–emitting gas around the center of our galaxy," Science 341(6149): 981–983 (30 August 2013).
F. Tombesi et al, "Wind from the black-hole accretion disk driving a molecular outflow in an active galaxy," Nature 519: 436–438 (26 March 2015).
R. Cowen, "Ray tracing," Science News 172: 291–292 (10 November 2007).
"'Nearby' supermassive black hole rotates at close to the speed of light," The Guardian (27 February 2013).
Christopher Crockett, "Black holes may shut down stellar factories," Science News (5 March 2014).
Timothy M. Heckman & Guinevere Kauffmann, "The coevolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes: a local perspective," Science 333: 182–185 (8 July 2011).
James E. Geach, "The lost galaxies," Scientific American 304(5): 46–53 (May 2011).
M. R. Schreiber, "One good measure," Science 340(6135): 932–933 (24 May 2013).
Robert Antonucci, "Quasars still defy explanation," Nature 495: 165–167 (14 March 2013).
P.B. Hall et al, "Broad absorption line quasars with redshifted troughs: high-velocity infall or rotationally dominated outflows?," Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (12 July 2013).
Ron Cowen, "Galaxy bulges in its middle," Science News 175(5): 9 (28 February 2009).
"X-ray pulses create 'molecular black hole,'" ScienceDaily (31 May 2017).

A Matter of Energy
David Halliday et al, Fundamentals of Physics, 10th Edition, Wiley (2013).
James S. Walker, Physics, Addison-Wesley (2009).
Carlo Rovelli, Seven Brief Lessons on Physics, Riverhead Books (2016).
R. Shankar, Fundamentals of Physics: Mechanics, Relativity, and Thermodynamics, Yale University Press (2014).
David Deutsch, The Fabric of Reality: The Science of Parallel Universes and Its Implications, Viking Adult (1997).
Lisa Randall, Warped Passages, Echo (2005).
Victor J. Stenger, Timeless Reality, Prometheus Books (2000).
Alan Lightman, The Discoveries: Great Breakthroughs in 20th-Century Science, Pantheon (2005).
Albert Einstein, "Ether and the theory of relativity," University of Leiden (5 May 1920).
Quantum Mechanics
Mitali Banerjee et al, "Observed quantization of anyonic heat flow," Nature 545: 75-79 (4 May 2017).
"A skeptic of quantum theory explains his misgivings," Science News 178(11): 36 (20 November 2010).
Martinus Veltman, Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics, World Scientific Publishing (2003).
Meinard Kuhlmann, "What is real?," Scientific American (August 2013).
Matali Banerjee et al, "Observed quantization of anyonic heat flow," Nature 545: 75-79 (4 May 2017).
The Standard Model
"'Ghost particles' could improve understanding the universe," (31 January 2017). Gordon Kane, "The dawn of physics beyond the Standard Model," Scientific American 68–75 (June 2003).
Francis J.M. Farley, "The magnetic moment of the muon worries theorists," Europhysics News 32(5): 165–169 (2001).
The ACME Collaboration, "Order of magnitude smaller limit on the electric dipole moment of the electron," Science (19 December 2013).
Philip Ball, "Nuclear masses calculated from scratch," Nature (20 November 2008).
Lattice World
Carlo Beenakker, "Bringing order to the expanding fermion zoo," Science 353(6299): 539-540 (5 August 2016).
Barry Bradlyn et al, "Beyond Dirac and Weyl fermions: unconventional quasiparticles in conventional crystals," Science 353(6299): 558 (5 August 2016).
Tarik Yefsah et al, "Heavy solitons in a fermionic superfluid," Nature 449: 426–430 (25 July 2013).
Christoph Becker, "Dark and heavy," Nature 449: 413–414 (25 July 2013).
D.Y. Tang et al, "Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser," Physical Review Letters 101: 153904 (10 October 2008).
Aleksandr S. Davydov, Solitons in molecular systems. Mathematics and its applications, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1991).
Thomas Heimburg & Andrew D. Jackson, "On soliton propagation in biomembranes and nerves," PNAS (1 July 2005).
Ludmila V. Yakushevich, Nonlinear Physics of DNA, Wiley (2004).
Zachariah Sinkala, "Soliton/exciton transport in proteins," Journal of Theoretical Biology 241(4): 919-927 (August 2006).
The Stability of Existence
Anil Ananthaswamy, "The universe is on the brink of catastrophe," New Scientist (29 October 2016).
Thomas Nagel, Mind & Cosmos, Oxford University Press (2012).
David Z. Albert & Rivka Galchen, "A quantum threat to special relativity," Scientific American 300(3): 32–39 (March 2009).
"Quanundrum," Nature 510: 312 (19 June 2014).
Guillaume Aubrun et al, "Entanglement thresholds for random induced states," Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics (23 May 2013).
"Einstein's 'spooky action' common in large quantum systems," ScienceDaily (28 May 2013).
"'Spooky action at distance': physicists develop first conclusive test to better understand high-energy particles correlations," ScienceDaily (16 January 2012).
Beatrix C. Hiesmayr et al, "Revealing Bell's nonlocality for unstable systems in high energy physics," The European Physical Journal C 72(1) (2012).
Andrew Grant, "New experiment verifies quantum spookiness," Science News 188(6): 12 (19 September 2015).
A Perfect Balance
Geraint Lewis, "We are lucky to live in a universe made for us," The Conversation (15 September 2015).
Natalie Wolchover, "The Hoyle state: a primordial nucleus behind the elements of life," Scientific American (6 December 2012).
Tracey Peake, "Researchers reveal structure of carbon’s ‘Hoyle State’," NC State News (10 December 2012).
"Reflections on the fine-structure constant," The Economist (13 July 2017).
Transitional Inscrutables
Jonathan G. Richens et al, "Entanglement is necessary for emergent classicality in all physical theories," Physical Review Letters (24 August 2017).
"Entanglement is an inevitable feature of reality," (1 September 2017).
George Musser, "Could time end?," Scientific American 303(3): 84–91 (September 2010).
Krzysztof Lorek et al, "Ideal clocks – a convenient fiction," Classical and Quantum Gravity (4 August 2015).
Tom Siegfried, "It's likely that times are changing," Science News 174(6): 26–28 (13 September 2008).
Andreas Albrecht & Alberto Iglesias, "The clock ambiguity: implications and new developments," arXiv:0805.4452v2 [hep-th] (26 January 2009).
Kensy Cooperrider & Rafeal Nunez, "How we make sense of time," Scientific American Mind (November/December 2016).
Laura Spinney, "The time illusion: How your brain creates now," New Scientist (7 January 2015).
A. Kösem et al, "Encoding of event timing in the phase of neural oscillations," Neuroimage 92:274–284 (15 May 2014).
Scott L. Fairhall et al, "Temporal integration windows for naturalistic visual sequences," PLoS One (10 July 2014).
Marc Wittman, "Moments in time," Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience (18 October 2011).
Sebastian Sauer et al, "How long is now for mindfulness meditators?," Personality and Individual Differences 52(6):750–754 (April 2012).
Philip G. Zimbardo & John N. Boyd, "Putting time in perspective: A valid, reliable individual-differences metric," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77(6): 1271–1288 (December 1999).
"Why is everyone so busy?," The Economist (20 December 2014).
Alexander Gonzalez & Philip G. Zimbardo, "Time in perspective," in The Nonverbal Communication Reader, edited by Laura K. Guerrero & Michael L. Hech, Waveland Press (2008).
James M. Broadway & Brittiney Sandoval, "Why does time seem to speed up with age?," Scientific American Mind 27(4): 73 (July/August 2016). Edward T. Hall, The Dance of Life, Anchor Press (1983).
Edward T. Hall & Mildred Reed Hall, "Monochronic and polychronic time," in The Nonverbal Communication Reader, edited by Laura K. Guerrero & Michael L. Hech, Waveland Press (2008).

Life's Story
Sam Kean, The Disappearing Spoon, Little, Brown and Company (2010).
Mario Livio, Brilliant Blunders, Simon & Schuster (2014).
Kenneth Douglas, DNA Nanoscience: From Prebiotic Origins to Emerging Nanotechnology, CRC Press (2017).
Nurit Bird-David, "Animism revisited: personhood, environment, and relational epistemology," Current Anthropology 40: 67–91 (1991).
Elizabeth A. Williams, "A cultural history of medical vitalism," in Enlightenment Montpellier, Routledge (2003).
William Bechtel & Robert C. Richardson, "Vitalism," in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Routledge (1998).
Peter Lipson, "The death and rebirth of vitalism," Science-Based Medicine (24 June 2009).
Tardigrade electron microscope photograph courtesy of William R. Miller.
Tardigrade walking photograph courtesy of DBCLS.
Mireia Querol Rovira, "Tardigrades: animals with superpowers," All You Need Is Biology (10 April 2015).
Thomas C. Boothby et al, "Tardigrades use intrinsically disordered proteins to survive desiccation," Molecular Cell 65: 975-984 (16 March 2017).
Nicholas St. Fleur, "How a water bear survives, even when it's dry," The New York Times (16 March 2017).
"Tardigrades use unique protein to protect themselves from desiccation," (16 March 2017).
William R. Miller, "Tardigrades," American Scientist (September-October 2011).
"Tough tardigrades," American Museum of Natural History (1 April 2015).
Jasmin Fox-Skelly, "Tardigrades return from the dead," BBC (13 March 2015).
Bruce Alberts & Alexander Johnson, Molecular Biology of the Cell Garland Science (2014).
John Wilson & Tim Hunt, Molecular Biology of the Cell – The Problems Book Garland (2002).
"Optimization for self-production may explain mysterious features of the ribosome," ScienceDaily (22 July 2017).
Shlomi Reuveni et al, "Ribosomes are optimized for autocatalytic production," Nature (19 July 2017).
Mitch Leslie, "A division of labor in cells' protein factories," Science 356(6344): 1218-1219 (23 June 2017).
"Breakthrough in understanding mitochondria," ScienceDaily (30 August 2017).
Vicki AM Gold et al, "Visualization of cytosolic ribosomes on the surface of mitochondria by electron cryotomography," EMBO reports 18(9): 1473-1671 (1 September 2017).
Héctor García-Seisdedos et al, "Proteins evolve on the edge of supramolecular self-assembly," Nature 2 August 2017).
"How proteins find the right DNA sequences," ScienceDaily (16 May 2009).
"Scientists identify critical 'quality control' for cell growth," ScienceDaily (5 July 2012).
Ron Milo, "What is the total number of protein molecules per cell volume? A call to rethink some published values," Bioessays 35(12): 1050–1055 (December 2013).
Justin W. Chartron et al, "Cotranslational signal-independent SRP preloading during membrane targeting," Nature 536: 224-228 (11 August 2016).
Cell Fates
"Who's the boss? research shows cells influence their own destiny," ScienceDaily (5 January 2012).
Kenr R. Duffy et al, "Activation-induced B cell fates are selected by intracellular stochastic competition ," Sciencexpress (5 January 2012).
Tucker W. LeBien, "Fates of human B-cell precursors," Blood 96: 9-23 (2000).
Max D. Cooper, "The early history of B cells," Nature Reviews Immunology (6 February 2015).
Max D. Cooper, "B cell development in birds and mammals," Progress in Immunology (1986).
Masayuki Horie, "Endogenous non-retroviral RNA virus elements in mammalian genome," Nature 463: 84-87 (7 January 2010).
Cédric Feschotte, "Virology: bornavirus enters the genome," Nature 463: 39-40 (7 January 2010).
"UT Arlington genome biologist reports on surprising evolutionary discovery," The University of Texas at Arlington (6 January 2010).
Roger East, "Soil science comes to life," Nature 501: S18–S19 (26 September 2013).
"Viruses sometimes save their hosts, rather than killing them," The Economist (23 February 2013).
John Maynard Smith, The Theory of Evolution, Cambridge University Press (1993).
George C. Williams, Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought, Princeton University Press (1966).
Michael Le Page, "Unnatural selection: fish growing up fast," New Scientist (27 April 2011 ).
Chris Darimont et al, "Human predators outpace other agents of trait change in the wild," PNAS 106(3): 952–954 (20 January 2009).
David O. Conover et al, "Reversal of evolutionary downsizing caused by selective harvest of large fish," Proceedings of the Royal Society B (4 March 2009).
Noah M. Reid et al, "The genomic landscape of rapid repeated evolutionary adaptation to toxic pollution in wild fish," Science 354(6317): 1305-1308 (9 December 2016).
Michael Tobler & Zachary W. Culumber, "Swimming in polluted waters," Science 354(6317): 1232-1233 (9 December 2016).
Joanna Klein, "Rapid evolution saved this fish from pollution, study says," The New York Times (9 December 2016).
Frog Tongues
Alexis C. Noel et al, "Frogs use a viscoelastic tongue and non-Newtonian saliva to catch prey," Interface (1 February 2017).
Thomas Kleinteich & Stanislav N. Gorb, "Frog tongue acts as muscle-powered adhesive tape," Royal Society Open Science (30 September 2015).
Patrick Reilly, "Science of saliva: how versatile spit helps frogs catch and deliver a meal," Christian Science Monitor (1 February 2017).
Thomas Kleinteich & Stanislav N. Gorb, "Tongue adhesion in the horned frog Ceratophrys sp.," Scientific Reports (12 June 2014).
Pierrot Durand, "Tongues of certain frogs stick to objects with force three times its body weight," French Tribune (13 June 2014).
Matthew R.E. Symonds & Mark A. Elgar, "The mode of pheromone evolution: evidence from bark beetles," Proceedings of the Royal Society B 271(1541): 839–846(22 April 2002).
Staying Fit
Lewis G. Halsey, "Do animals exercise to keep fit?," Journal of Animal Ecology (21 January 2016).
Richard Lovett, "Lazy fit animals: how some beasts get the gain without the pain," New Scientist (14 April 2017).
Johanna H. Meijer & Yuri Robbers, "Wheel running in the wild," Proceedings of the Royal Society B (21 May 2014).
Convergent Evolution
Peter B. Reich et al, "From tropics to tundra: global convergence in plant functioning," 94(25): 13730–13734 PNAS (9 December 1997).
Martin J. Ingrouille & Bill Eddie, Plants – Diversity and Evolution, Cambridge University Press (2006).
P.H. Raven et al, Biology of Plants, Worth Publishers (1992).
Anthony Trewavas, Plant Behaviour and Intelligence, Oxford University Press (2014).
Robert Brown, A Manual of Botany, William Blackwood and Sons (1874).
"The chemistry of plants facing multiple stress scenarios," ScienceDaily (30 May 2017).
Parachute Plant
Annemarie Heiduk et al, "Ceropegia sandersonii mimics attacked honeybees to attract kleptoparasitic flies for pollination," Current Biology (6 October 2016).
"This flower smells like a bee under attack," Cell Press (6 October 2016).
Flower Physics
Edwige Moyroud & Beverley J. Glover, "The physics of pollinator attraction," New Phytologist (November 2016).
"Flowers use physics to attract pollinators," (5 December 2016).
"A bird-pollinated flower with a rather ingenious twist," (8 September 2014).
Plant Deception
Anjel M. Helms et al, "Identification of an insect-produced olfactory cue that primes plant defenses," Nature Communications (24 August 2017).
"Plant 'smells' insect foe, initiates defense," ScienceDaily (24 August 2017).
Krishna Ramanujan, "Plants' chemical messages keep pests moving," (25 January 2017).
Kimberly Morrell & Andre Kessler, "Plant communication in a widespread goldenrod: keeping herbivores on the move," Functional Ecology (21 November 2016).
Eshel Ben Jacob et al, "Bacterial linguistic communication and social intelligence," Trends in Microbiology 12(8): 366–372 (1 August 2004).
Stuart A. West et al, "The social lives of microbes," Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38: 53–77 (December 2007).
Michael T. Mee et al, "Syntrophic exchange in synthetic microbial communities," PNAS 111(20): E2149–E2156 (20 May 2014).
Elizabeth A. Ottesen et al, "Pattern and synchrony of gene expression among sympatric marine microbial populations," PNAS 110(6): E488–E497 (5 February 2013).
Carl Zimmer, "From single cells, a vast kingdom arose," The New York Times (14 March 2011).
Brains & Neurons
Timothy O’Leary et al, "Cell types, network homeostasis, and pathological compensation from a biologically plausible ion channel expression model," Neuron 82(4): 809–821 (21 May 2014).
JoAnna Klein, "Hunched Over a microscope, he sketched the secrets of how the brain works," The New York Times (18 February 2017).
Ashley Yeager, "Rethinking which cells are the conductors of learning and memory," Science News (11 August 2015).
R. Douglas Fields, The Other Brain, Simon & Schuster (2009).
R. Douglas Fields, "The hidden brain," Scientific American Mind 22(2): 52-59 (May/June 2011).
Andrew Koob, The Root of Thought: Unlocking Glia, Amazon Digital Services (2009).
Lilach Soreq et al, "Major shifts in glial regional identity are a transcriptional hallmark of human brain aging," Cell Reports 18(2): 557-570 (10 January 2017).
"Brain's connective cells are much more than glue: Glia cells also regulate learning and memory," ScienceDaily (29 December 2011).
Melinda Wenner Moyer, "Without glia, the brain would starve," Scientific American Mind 23(2): 17 (May/June 2013). "Glia, not neurons, are most affected by brain aging," ScienceDaily (10 January 2017).
Martin D. Haustein et al, "Conditions and constraints for astrocyte calcium signaling in the hippocampal mossy fiber pathway," Neuron 82(2): 413–429 (16 April 2014).
"Eavesdropping on brain cell chatter," ScienceDaily (16 April 2014).
Michael Brooks, "Is quantum physics behind your brain’s ability to think?," New Scientist (2 December 2015).
Ewen Callaway, "Flashes of light show how memories are made," Nature (2 June 2014).
Robin J.M. Franklin & Timothy J. Bussey, "Do your glial cells make you clever?," Cell: Stem Cell 12: 265–266 (7 March 2013).
Fengfei Ding et al, "Changes in the composition of brain interstitial ions control the sleep-wake cycle," Science 352(6285): 550–555 (29 April 2016).
Tina Hesman Saey, "Ions, not neurons, may oversee sleep," Science News (28 May 2016).
Jae Geun Kim et al, "Leptin signaling in astrocytes regulates hypothalamic neuronal circuits and feeding," Nature Neuroscience (1 June 2014).
Suzanne L. Dickson et al, "The role of the central ghrelin system in reward from food and chemical drugs," Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 340(1): 80–87 (20 June 2011).
Sarah Schwartz, "Scientists still haven't solved mystery of memory," Science News (9 March 2016).
"White matter matters in autism," Nature 509: 136 (8 May 2014).
Julia P. Owen et al, "Aberrant white matter microstructure in children with 16p11.2 deletions," The Journal of Neuroscience 34(18): 6214–6223 (30 April 2014).
Jerome Clasadonte et al, "Astrocyte control of synaptic NMDA receptors contributes to the progressive development of temporal lobe epilepsy," PNAS 110(43): 17540–17545 (22 October 2013).
Thomas C. Burdett & Marc. R. Freeman, "Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria," Science 345(6195): 385–386 (25 July 2014).
Chaya Kalcheim & Hermann Rohrer, "Following the same nerve track towards different cell fates," Science 345(3192): 32–33 (4 July 2014).
Vyacheslav Dyachuk et al, "Parasympathetic neurons originate from nerve-associated peripheral glial progenitors," Science 345(3192): 82–87 (4 July 2014).
I. Espinosa-Medina et al, " Parasympathetic ganglia derive from Schwann cell precursors," Science 345(3192): 82–87 (4 July 2014).
Woo-Ping Ge et al, "Local generation of glia is a major astrocyte source in postnatal cortex," Nature 484: 376–380 (19 April 2012).
The earthworm Caenorhabditis elegans has been extensively studied as a model organism.
Melinda Wenner Moyer, "Glia spark seizures," Scientific American Mind (May/June 2013).
Down's Syndrome Chen Chen et al, "Role of astroglia in Down’s syndrome revealed by patient-derived human-induced pluripotent stem cells," Nature Communications (18 July 2014).
"'Support' cells in brain play important role in Down syndrome," ScienceDaily (18 July 2014).
Pam Belluck, "Study finds that brains with autism fail to trim synapses as they develop," The New York Times (21 August 2014).
Guomei Tang et al, "Loss of mTOR-dependent macroautophagy causes autistic-like synaptic pruning deficits," Neuron (21 August 201).
Dominik Sakry et al, "Oligodendrocyte precursor cells modulate the neuronal network by activity-dependent ectodomain cleavage of glial NG2" PLoS Biology (11 November 2014).
Gregory Hickok, "It's not a 'stream' of consciousness," The New York Times (8 May 2015).
Seashore Crabs
Erica Westly, "Clever crustaceans," Scientific American Mind 22(5): 14 (November-December 2011).
Julieta Sztarker & Daniel Tomsic, "Brain modularity in arthropods: Individual neurons that support “what” but not “where” memories," The Journal of Neuroscience 31(22): 8175-8180 (1 June 2011).
Violeta Medan et al, "Characterization of lobula giant neurons responsive to visual stimuli that elicit escape behaviors in the crab Chasmagnathus," Journal of Neurophysiology 98: 2414-2428 (22 August 2007).
Maria del Valle Fathala et al, "A field model of learning: 1. Short-term memory in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus," Journal of Comparative Physiology 196(61): 61-75 (December 2009).
Maria del Valle Fathala et al, "A field model of learning: 2. Short-term memory in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus," Journal of Comparative Physiology 196(77) (January 2010).
Claudia Valeggia et al, "Danger stimulus-induced analgesia in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus," Brain Research 481: 304-308 (1989).
Alicia Denti et al, "Passive avoidance learning in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus," Physiology & Behavior 43(3): 317-320 (1988).
Tomas Luppi et al, "Molt and growth of an estuarine crab, Chasmagnathus granulatus (Brachyura: Varunidae), in Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina," Journal of Applied Ichthyology 20(5) (October 2004).
Precocious Knowledge
Elisabetta Versace & Giorgio Vallorigara, "Origins of knowledge: insights from precocial species," Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 9(338) (December 2015).
The Unreasonable Power of the Mind
Mark Schaller et al, "Mere visual perception of other people's' disease symptoms facilitates a more aggressive immune response. Psychological Science 21: 649-652 (2010).
Emily Anthes, "Natural immunity," Scientific American Mind 21(4): 8 (September/October 2010).
Nalini Ambady & John J. Skowronski, First Impressions, Guilford Press (2008).
Malcolm Gladwell, Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking, Back Bay Books (2007).
Gerd Gigerenzer, Gut Feelings: The Intelligence of the Unconscious, Penguin Books (2008).
Rosie Ifould, "Acting on impulse: the science behind first impressions," The Guardian (6 March 2009).
Uwe Hossfeld & Georgy S. Levit, "Phylogeny: 'Tree of life' took root 150 years ago," Nature (30 November 2016).
Simon Makin, "Decode social signals," New Scientist (1 October 2016).
Lea Winerman, "'Thin slices' of life," Monitor on Psychology 36(3): 54 (March 2005).
Nalini Ambady & Robert Rosenthal, "Half a minute: predicting teacher evaluations from thin slices of nonverbal behavior and physical attractiveness," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 64(3): 431-441 (1993).
Joshua B. Tenenbaum et al, "How to grow a mind: statistics, structure, and abstraction," Science 331: 1279–1285 (11 March 2011).
Graham P. Collins, "Impossible inferences," Scientific American (March 2009).
Lea Winerman, "Thin slice of life," American Psychological Association 36(3): 54 (March 2005).
Nalini Ambady & Robert Rosenthal, "Half a minute: predicting teacher evaluations from thin slices of nonverbal behavior and physical attractiveness," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 64(3): 431-441 (1993).
Nicholas Rule & Nalini Ambady, "First impressions of the face: predicting success," Social and Personality Psychology Compass 4(8): 506-5016 (2010).
Immunity Images
Mark Schaller et al, "Mere visual perception of other people's' disease symptoms facilitates a more aggressive immune response. Psychological Science 21: 649-652 (2010).
Emily Anthes, "Natural immunity," Scientific American Mind 21(4): 8 (September/October 2010).

A Mental World
Michael Balter, "Schizophrenia's unyielding mysteries," Scientific American 316(5): 55-61 (May 2017).
Victoria Costello, "A mind in danger," Scientific American Mind 23(1): 31-37 (March/April 2012).
Elizabeth Cantor-Graae, "The contribution of social factors to the development of schizophrenia: A review of recent findings," Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 52(5): 277-286 (May 2007).
Joachim Klosterkotter, "Predicting the onset of schizophrenia," in Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia, edited by Heinz Hafner, Springer Verlag (2002).
Saurabh Srinivasan et al, "Genetic markeers of human evolution are enriched in schizophrenia," Biological Psychiatry 80(4): 284-292 (16 August 2016).
"Schizophrenia emerged after humans diverged from Neanderthals," ScienceDaily (15 August 2016).
Michael Balter, "Talking back to madness," Science 343(6176): 1190-1193 (14 March 2014).
Benedict Carey, "Finding purpose after living with delusion," The New York Times (25 November 2011).
Thomas R. Insel, "Rethinking schizophrenia," Nature 468: 187-193 (11 November 2010).
Jim van Os et al, "The environment and schizophrenia," Nature 468: 203-212 (11 November 2010).
Daniel C. Javitt & Joseph T. Coyle, "Decoding schizophrenia," Scientific American 290(1): 48-55 (January 2004).
Bruce Bower, "Prenatal problems linked to schizophrenia," Science News 151(1): 6 (1 July 2000).
J.D. Hegarty et al, "One hundred years of schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of the outcome literature," American Journal of Psychiatry 151(10): 1409-1416 (October 1994).
Silvano Arieti, Interpretation of Schizophrenia, HarperCollins (1974).
"Noisy brain signals: how schizophrenic brain misinterprets the world," ScienceDaily (2 April 2014).
Freeman J. Dyson, Infinite in All Directions, Harper & Row (1988).
Lars Skyttner, General Systems Theory, World Scientific Publishing (2005).
Donald R. Prothero, Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters, Columbia University Press (2007).
S. Stroope et al, "Social context and college completion in the United States: the role of congregational biblical literalism," Sociological Perspectives (2 January 2015).
"Relationship between religion and educational attainment," ScienceDaily (23 January 2015).
Laws of Nature
Eugene Wigner, "The unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences," Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics 13(1) (February 1960).
John T. Roberts, The Law-Governed Universe, Oxford University Press (2009).
The Limits of Knowledge
David H. Wolpert, "Physical limits of inference," arXiv:0708.1362v2 (29 March 2008).
Graham P. Collins, "Impossible inferences," Scientific American (March 2009).
Stephan Lewandowsky et al, "Misinformation and its correction: continued influence and successful debiasing," Psychological Science in the Public Interest 13(3): 106-131 (September 2012).
Briony Swire et al, "The role of familiarity in correcting inaccurate information," Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory and Cognition (June 2017).
Jonah Berger, "Arousal increases social transmission of information," Psychological Science, 22(7): 891–893 (2011).
Clay Ramsay et al, "Misinformation and the 2010 election," World Public (10 December 2010).

Beyond Phenomena
Raman Maharshi et al, Everything is an Illusion, The Freedom Religious Press (2011).
Hilary Putnam, The Faces of Realism, Open Court (1987).
George Makari, Soul Machine: The Invention of the Modern Mind, W.W. Norton & Company (2015).
Christof Koch, "Constructing the modern mind," Scientific American Mind 27(3): 22-23 (May/June 2016).
Bruce Hood, "Re-creating the real world," Scientific American Mind 23(4): 42-45 (September/October 2012).
Jan Westerhoff, "Reality: is matter real?," New Scientist (2 October 2012).
Jason S. Moser et al, "Mind your errors: evidence for a neural mechanism linking growth mind-set to adaptive posterror adjustments," Psychological Science 22(12):1484–1489 (December 2011).
Melinda Wenner Moyer, "The oops! response," Scientific American Mind 23(1): 9 (March/April 2012).
Caring & Control
Richard Schulz, "Effects of control and predictability on the physical and psychological well-being of the institutionalized aged," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 33(5): 563-573 (1976).
R. Schulz & B.H. Hanusa, "Long-term effects of control and predictability-enhancing interventions: findings and ethical issues," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 36(11): 1194-1201 (November 1978).
Meditation Sutras
Robert Lee Hotz, "Behold the appearance of the invisibility cloak," The Wall Street Journal (12 March 2009).
Placebo Effect
"Know it's a placebo? Study shows the 'medicine' could still work," ScienceDaily (24 July 2015).
Scott M. Schafer et al, "Conditioned placebo analgesia persists when subjects know they are receiving a placebo," Journal of Pain 16(5): 412–420 (May 2015).
Alzheimer's Disease
"Despite Alzheimer's plaques, some senior remain mentally fit," Science News (10 December 2016).
Agata Blaszczak-Boxe, "People with Alzheimer's disease can still have sharp memories," LiveScience (23 November 2016).
Cellular Effects of Meditation
Linda E. Carlson et al, "Mindfulness-based cancer recovery and supportive-expressive therapy maintain telomere length relative to controls in distressed breast cancer survivors," Cancer (3 November 2014).
"Gene expression changes with meditation," ScienceDaily (8 December 2013).
Jill Sakai, "Study reveals gene expression changes with meditation," University of Wisconsin-Madison Press Release (4 December 2013).
Perla Kaliman et al, "Rapid changes in histone deacetylases and inflammatory gene expression in expert meditators," Psychoneuro-endocrinology 40: 96–107 (February 2014).
Anthony W. Blanchfield et al, "Non-conscious visual cues related to affect and action alter perception of effort and endurance perfor-mance," Frontiers of Human Neuroscience (December 2014).
"Optimistic people have healthier hearts, study finds," ScienceDaily (9 January 2015).
Rosalba Hernandez et al, "Optimism and cardiovascular health: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis," Health Behavior and Policy Review, 2(1): 62–73 (January 2015).
"Sleepwalkers feel no pain, remain asleep despite suffering injuries," ScienceDaily (2 November 2015).
Régis Lopez et al, "Pain in sleepwalking: a clinical enigma," Sleep 38(11): 1693–1698 (2015).
Lynn Margulis & Dorion Sagan, What Is Life?, Simon & Schuster (1995).
Stephen Priest, Theories of the Mind, Penguin Books (1991).
Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (editors), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience, Psychology Press (1994).
Christof Koch, "Is consciousness universal?," Scientific American Mind (1 January 2014).
Cells & Neutron Stars
"Scientists confirm a structural similarity found in both human cells and neutron stars," (1 November 2016).
D.K. Berry et al, "'Parking-garage' structures in nuclear astrophysics and cellular biophysics," Physical Review C (1 November 2016).
Mark Terasaki et al, "Stacked endoplasmic reticulum sheets are connected by helicoidal membrane motifs," Cell 154(2): p285–296 (18 July 2013).
Amazon Mollies
David Bierbach et al, "Behavioural individuality in clonal fish arises despite near-identical rearing conditions," Nature Communications (17 May 2017).
"Same genes, same environment, different personality: Is individuality unavoidable?," ScienceDaily (17 May 2017).
Immanuael Kant, Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764).
Aenne A. Brielmann & Denis G. Pelli, "Beauty requires thought," Current Biology (11 May 2017).
"Beauty requires thought — study supports philosophical claim," Medical Xpress (11 May 2017).
Ricahrd O. Prum, The Evolution of Beauty, Doubleday (2016).
Adrian Barnett, "We may have the evolution of beauty completely wrong," New Scientist (3 May 2017).